It’s no secret that the construction of any object — be it a house or a garage — starts from the foundation. The first step is to work on pouring the foundation. Since there are several main types of foundations, you can choose the right one, knowing the type of soil on the site.
Work on the construction of foundations is also different and depends on natural data. Once you have determined the soil type, you can begin to design the weight of the building. Only now, when the calculations are on hand, you can start making the foundation.
The process of making a foundation is also subdivided into several sub-processes. To begin with, it is necessary to carry out excavation work under the foundation, which includes digging trenches and drilling wells. Then you can start pouring the foundation, installing the supporting structures, providing moisture and thermal insulation.
If you want to build a wooden house, then the best option would be a columnar foundation. This type of foundation is the fastest and easiest. To erect it, it is necessary to dig a hole in more loaded places and in the corners of the house structure, and fill it with rubble. It turns out that you save on pouring the foundation. The final stage will be the installation of concrete pillars.
If groundwater flows under the site, then it is recommended to use a pile-type foundation. For its device, sharpened piles must be screwed into the ground. As with a columnar foundation, pouring is not needed in this case. The bearing capacity of the soil also has no effect..
The most reliable will be a tape-type foundation. For its device, we need a trench, carry out work on the construction of a sand cushion and pouring the required amount of mortar — the foundation, and reinforced concrete blocks. We draw your attention to the fact that it is better to order concrete at the factory. In this case, you will be sure of its quality. The cost of pouring the foundation will be up to 20% of the cost of the entire building.
A solid foundation, consisting of a monolithic slab, should be used when the soil on the site has the ability to move..
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